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One in four adults experience at least one mental health problem in any one year. Mental health problems can lead to many problems, including low mood and depression, anger, and anxiety. If you, or a loved one, are experiencing mental health problems, getting help and support is essential.

A mental health disorder Is often referred to as mental illness

Mental health disorders cover a wide range of mental health conditions and disorders which affect your mood, thinking and behaviour

Examples of mental illness include:

Many people have mental health concerns from time to time and it is nothing to be ashamed of

A mental health concern becomes a mental illness when ongoing signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and affect your ability to function


Signs and symptoms of mental illness vary depending on the disorder. Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts, and behaviours.

Examples of signs and symptoms include but are not limited to:

    • Feeling sad/ down
    • Confused or reduced ability to concentrate
    • Excessive fears, worries, feelings of guilt
    • Extreme mood changes of high and low
    • Withdrawal from friends and activities
    • Significant tiredness, low energy, sleeping problems
    • Detachment from reality (delusions), paranoia, hallucinations
    • Inability to cope with daily problems or stress
    • Trouble understanding and relating to situations and to people
    • Problems with alcohol or drug use
    • Major changes in eating habits
    • Changes in sex drive
    • Excessive angry, hostility or violence
    • Suicidal thinking 

Sometimes symptoms of a mental health disorder can appear as physical problems, such as:

  • Stomach pain
  • Back pain
  • Headaches
  • Other unexplained aches and pains

Suicidal thoughts and behaviour are common with some mental illnesses. If you think you may hurt yourself or attempt suicide, get help immediately - call 999

Suicide Prevention Resources for West Yorkshire (


Get urgent help for mental health - NHS (

Mental health support by text:

Text 'SHOUT' to 85258' for free

You will be connected to an anonymous volunteer for a conversation by text

NHS urgent mental health helplines -  Find a local NHS urgent mental health helpline

For people of all ages

You can call for:

24-hour advice and support – for you, your child, your parent, or someone you care for

help to speak to a mental health professional

an assessment to help decide on the best course of care

Free listening services:

These services offer confidential support from trained volunteers. You can talk about anything that's troubling you, no matter how difficult:

Call 116 123 to talk to Samaritans, or email: for a reply within 24 hours

Text "SHOUT" to 85258 to contact the Shout Crisis Text Line, or text "YM" if you're under 19

If you're under 19, you can also call 0800 1111 to talk to Childline. The number will not appear on your phone bill.

Last updated: 11/23/2022